Amani Forest Nature Reserve is one of the latest Nature Reserve established by the government to protect flora and fauna of East Usambara and is the 2nd largest botanical garden in the world.

Today the area continues to play a significant part in medical research hosting the Amani Medical Research Centre.

Peculiar in floristic diversity (3,450 vascular plant taxa). This peculiarity attracts Eco tourists to the area. Presence of African violet flower (11 species) in the wilderness of Amani Nature Reserve and availability of endemic and endangered plants add the tourism attractions of Amani Nature Reserve

More than 340 bird species has been recorded in East Usambara and most of these are found in Amani Nature Reserve. Many bird watchers visits Amani looking for the endemic and endangered birds including Usambara Eagle Owl (Bubo vosseleri), Usambara Weaver (Ploseus nicolli), Amani Sun bird (Anthreptes pallidigaster), Long billed tailor-bird (Orthotomus moreaui)

The Amani Nature Reserve being part of Eastern Arc Mountains has been recorded to have74 genera of animals including reptiles, mammals, amphibians, birds and molluscs.

Some of visitors visiting Amani nature Reserve they are interested with chameleons (the endemic one with three horn), snakes including mountain Cobra, and amphibians’ particularly legless frog. Butterfly and other insects. Sometime you can do night walk to see some of these animals, nocturnal ones.

Activities in Amani Nature Reserve :

The Nature Reserve has now been turned into an Eco tourism attraction with greater emphasis on birdwatching, nature watching , walking and hiking.

Dry Season in Amani Nature Reserve :

June – Mid November: Best time for game viewing.

December – February: Humid & Hot: Good time for game viewing.

Rainy Season in Selous:

Mid November – Mid December: Short Rain: Wonderful for birdlife and lush scenery but many roads become impassable after heavy rains

April – May: Heavy rain: Wonderful for birdlife and lush scenery but many roads become impassable after heavy rains. Don’t recommend to travel during these months.

Getting to Amani Nature Reserve :

Road: 5 – 6 hours (during dry season) from Dar es salaam / 3 – 4 hr drive from Saadani / 2-3 hr drive from Pangani

Suggested Itineraries for Amani Nature Reserve : Minimum 3 Days/2 Nights Safari : Amani Nature Reserve can be combined with Saadani , Pangani & Mikumi : Check for Itineraries.

Saadani is the 1st Tanzania coastal wildlife sanctuary located on the Indian Ocean 45 kms north of Bagamoyo.

Saadani is unique for its extraordinary diversity of scenery and wildlife. Beach, Bush and river have been thrown together in such a colorful clash of ecosystems; there is nothing to compare with it anywhere on the Eastern Coast of Africa.

Saadani contains indigenous species including Liechtenstein Hartebeest and the rare Roosevelt sable. Good populations of Elephant, Buffalo, hippo and crocodile, also Lion, Leopard, Hyena, Giraffe, Greater kudu, Red duckier and Reedbuck, Warthog, Waterbucks, Wildebeest & Zebra and also bird life is extensive.

Bottle nose dolphins are common off the southern coast of the park; whale’s passes through Zanzibar channel in October and November and green turtle breed at madete beach.

Saadani village is one of the oldest communities in East African coast.

Activities in Saadani :

Game drive, boat safari, Canoeing, Historical sites & cultural tour.

Dry Season in Saadani:

June – Mid November: Best time for game viewing:

December – February: Humid & Hot: Good time for game viewing.

Rainy Season in Saadani:

Mid November – Mid December: Short Rain : Wonderful for birdlife and lush scenery but sometimes roads become impassable after heavy rains

April – May: heavy rain: Wonderful for birdlife and lush scenery. Don’t recommend to travel during these months as road are impassable.

Some of the lodges are usually closed from April to May.

Getting to Saadani:
Road: 4 hours from Dar es salaam( during dry season)
Flight: 0.30 hours from Dar es Salaam.

Suggested Itineraries for Saadani: Minimum 3 Days/2 Nights Safari: Selous can be combined with Amani Nature Reserve, Mikumi & Bagamoyo : Check for Itineraries

Accommodations in Saadani

Udzungwa recently established conservation area of about 2,000 Sq Km in the South Central Tanzania and is boarded with Great Ruaha River and it’s 60kms from Mikumi national Park.

Udzungwa rises from 250m to 2,576 m at the peak and is well known for its biologically diverse forest with approximately 20 – 30% out of 200 animals and plant species that grow here not found anywhere in the world.

Udzungwa is really beautiful place for hikers.

The major attraction of Udzungwa is bio-diversity and unique rain forest, where most rare plants are not found anywhere else in the world, have been identified, from a tiny African violet to 30 meter high trees.

There are more than 400 bird species, 2500 plant species (25% of which are endemic and 6 primate species. It has the second largest biodiversity of a national park in Africa.

Udzungwa plateau supports Iringa Red Colubus Monkey, Sanje Crested Mangabey Monkey, Buffalo, Yellow monkey, Blue monkey, Velvet monkey, Red Duikers, Honey badgers, Squirrels, Mongoose, Sables and Blue Duiker’s as well rare species of birds.

Activities in Udzungwa:

Hiking safaris, bird watching safari, camping safari are the major activities, an excellent network in the forest trial through beautiful scenery, trials are maintained regularly. Also can visit local villages around and local Sugarcane farmers.

The most popular half day ramble to Sanje Water fall, which pledges 170 m through a misty spray in the forested below valley.

Dry Season in Udzungwa:

June – Mid November: Best time for hiking but be prepared for rain any time

December – February: Humid & Hot: Good time hiking.

Rainy Season in Udzungwa:

Mid November – Mid December: Short Rain : Slippery for hiking

April – May: Heavy rain: Slippery for hiking.

Getting to Udzungwa:

Road: 6 hours from Dar es salaam / 1 hr drive from Mikumi

Suggested Itineraries for Udzungwa : Minimum 3 Days / 2 Night Safari : Udzungwa can be combined with Ruaha, Mikumi, Saadani & Selous :Check for Itineraries

Accommodations in Udzungwa

Mikumi National Park is located north of the Selous Game Reserve covering an area of 3,230 Sq Km.

Mikumi is one of the most frequently visited National Parks.

It’s surrounded by open grasslands and mountain ranges.

Lion are commonly seen there, other animals seen there are Elephant, Giraffe, Zebra, Wildebeest, Eland, Hartebeest, Crocodiles, Hippos and Baboons.

Over 300 species of birds are seen as many of them are Eurasian Migrants who stay between October – April.

Dry Season in Mikumi

June – Mid November: Best time for game viewing.

December – February: Humid & Hot: Good time for game viewing.

Rainy Season in Mikumi
Mid November – Mid December: Short Rain : Wonderful for bird life and lush scenery

April – May: Heavy rain: Wonderful for bird life and lush scenery.

Getting to Mikumi::

Road: 5 hours from Dar es salaam

Suggested Itineraries for Mikumi : Minimum 3 Days / 2 Night Safari: Mikumi can be combined with other parks – Ruaha, Selous & Udzungwa :
Check for Itineraries

Accommodations in Mikumi: Mikumi Wildlife Camp, Vuma Hill tented Camp, Mikumi Safari Lodge, Tanswiss Lodge

Ruaha is best kept wildlife secrets covering area of 20,300 Sq Kms with altitude of 1,000 m.

Ruaha is 1st largest National Park with biggest elephant sanctuary in Tanzania.

Ruaha is home of Hippo’s and Crocodile’s, also Water buck, Reed buck and Buffalo venture into the river’s edge to drink.

Other animals found there are Leopard, Hyena, Wild dog, Jackal, Pride of Lion etc, Antelope species such as Kudu, Impala, Sable antelope, Roan antelope, Grant gazelle, tiny Dik-dik thrive in the grasslands bordering the river alongside Giraffe, Zebra, Warthogs, Mongoose, Porcupine, Wildcat and Civet.

Ruaha bird life is prolific, over 370 species have been recorded and some of them are not found in Northern Tanzania.

Eurasian migrants flock to Ruaha twice a year March – April and October – November joining the Resident Kingfisher, Horn bills, Sunbird, Egrets and Plovers.

Activities in Ruaha :
Game drive, bird watching & Walking Safari accompanied with armed ranger.

Dry Season in Ruaha
June – Mid November: Best time for game viewing: Animals are concentrated around the shrinking water course
December – February: Humid & Hot: Good time for game viewing.

Rainy Season in Ruaha
Mid November – Mid December: Short Rain : Wonderful for bird life and lush scenery
April – May: Heavy Rain: Wonderful for bird life and lush scenery.

Getting to Ruaha
Road: 12 hours ( during dry season) from Dar es salaam, 5 hours from Mikumi National Park
Flight: 3 hours flight from Dar es Salaam.

Selous Game Reserve is the largest protected wildlife area in South of Tanzania and the biggest game reserve in Africa which covers a vast area of about 54,600 km², putting it bigger than Switzerland with an altitude of between 110 – 1250 m and covers 6% of Tanzania.

Selous is designated by UN as a world heritage site due to its unique ecological importance. Selous has the finest unspoiled virgin bush and it is one of the list scientifically researched areas in Africa. 1,700 botanical species have been identified.

Selous boost larger population of Elephants as well as large numbers of Buffalo, Hippo, Crocodile and endangered Wild dog.

Commonly seen are pride of Lion, Bush buck, Impala, Warthogs, Ostrich, Giraffe, Eland, Baboon, Zebra, Hyena, Kudu, rare sable antelope and Leopard.

In Selous there are more than 400 species of bird life: Fish eagle, Kingfisher, Secretary bird, Sunbird, Hammer kop, Red & Yellow bill stork, Open bill stork, Weavers, Water birds, Marabou stork, Vulture’s etc.

Activities in Selous
Walking safari accompanied by armed ranger , Boat Safari, game drive & Visiting local village at Mloka / Kisaki.

Dry Season in Selous
June – Mid November: Best time for game viewing.
December – February: Humid & Hot: Good time for game viewing.

Rainy Season in Selous
Mid November – Mid December: Short Rain: Wonderful for birdlife and lush scenery but many roads were impassable after heavy rains
April – May: Heavy rain: Wonderful for birdlife and lush scenery but many roads are impassable after heavy rains. Don’t recommend to travel during these months.

Most of the lodges are usually closed from April to end of May.

Getting to Selous:
Road: Apprx 5 hours (during dry season) from Dar es salaam
Flight: 45 Min flight from Dar es Salaam

Suggested Itineraries for Selous : Minimum 3 Days/ 2 Night Safari : Selous can be combined with Mafia Island, Kilwa & Mikumi :

Accommodations in Selous

Lake Natron Tented Camp: Situated at the base of Africa’s only active volcano Oldonyo Lengai (Mountain of God), Lake Natron is one of the most alkaline lakes in the world. The lake is home to millions of tiny crustaceans, attracting literally thousands of lesser flamingos and it is therefore one of the most important flamingo breeding grounds on earth.

Unique in its setting with 9 tents. Lake Natron Tented Camp is set back in a grove of trees adjacent to the shores of the lake. Basic but clean safari tents offer showers, comfortable beds and a private veranda. A fully stocked bar and candle lit restaurant ensure you have a cold drink and delicious food at the end of an arduous climb or long days walking.